SS Howick Hall was an 8100-ton cargo ship built in 1910 by William Hamilton (Glasgow, Scotland) for C.G. Dunn of Liverpool, England. She was sold to U.S. Steel, who put her on a subsidiary shipping company called the Isthmian Line. In World War I, she became U.S. Navy transport USS Howick Hall (ID-1303), which made one voyage to Europe and back near the end of the war, and was forced to cut its second voyage short when the whole crew caught spinal meningitis and had to be quarantined off the coast of Bermuda. With the war over and the spinal meningitis healed, SS Howick Hall returned to commercial service, going to some new British owners in 1929 as SS Dovenden. In 1935, she was sold to Ditta Luigi Pittaluga Vapori of Genoa, Italy and renamed SS Ircania. Under that name, she was seized by the U.S. government in Florida in 1941, shortly before America joined World War II as a belligerent Allied Power, and sold to an American company as SS Raceland. When America joined the war, SS Raceland was loaded with supplies and assigned to Convoy PQ-13, which began sailing across the Atlantic and Arctic oceans for Russia. SS Raceland was sunk by German bombers near Bear Island, Norway in March 1942, but most of PQ-13 was able to reach Murmansk and supply the Russians. This model of SS Howick Hall, which had nine owners in just over thirty years of service, is displayed at the Mariners Museum in Newport News, Virginia.